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Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire promotional artwork by Ken Sugimori
Credit and dates
Author(s)Atsuko Nishida and Ken Sugimori
Creation date1990s
Publishing dateFebruary 27, 1996
Species profile
Alternate name(s)Mouse Pokémon (Pokedex)
ピカチュウ (Japanese)
HomeKanto (region where it was introduced)
MorphologyFeral semi-biped
SapienceSemi-human; near-human when trained[citation needed]
GenderMale, female
CommunicationVerbal, pantomime (Ash Ketchum's Pikachu)

Pikachu (Japanese: ピカチュウ) is a fictional species from the Pokémon animé, manga, and video games. It is one of the more popular species, and serves as the franchise mascot, in addition to being one of Japan's mascots for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[1] Pikachu has also had a balloon in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade since 2001.[2]

It evolves from Pichu and then into Raichu when exposed to a Thunder Stone.

The appearance of a Pikachu is that of a cartoon yellow mouse, with long pointed ears, black markings, red cheeks, and a lightning-bolt shaped tail. Their round bodies and bright eyes give off a general idea of "cuteness." However, their cheeks aren't just for show; they contain powerful electric sacs, capable of administering 1,000 amps of electricity.[3]

Contrary to popular belief, the "pika" in Pikachu does not derive from the pika. It is actually derived from the Japanese onomatopoeia "pikapika", the sound and electric spark makes.[4]


Pikachu is an Electric-type Pokémon. It is able to release electric discharges of varying intensity. It has been known to build up energy in its glands, which it will need to discharge to avoid complications. It is also able to release energy through its tail, which acts as a grounding rod, as well as recharge fellow Pikachu with electric shocks. Pikachu and its evolutionary relatives are the only known Pokémon capable of learning the move Volt Tackle. Pikachu is also the only known Pokémon capable of using the Z-Move Catastropika, and the only known Pokémon capable of using the Light Ball item.

See also[edit]


  1. "Pikachu is Japan's awesome mascot for FIFA World Cup 2014", GameSpot article by Martin Gaston, dated March 17, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  2. "Pikachu", Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade Wiki entry.
  3. "Pikachu Trivia", from the entry for Pikachu at "Bulbapedia".
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20100501090040/http://www.time.com/time/asia/magazine/99/1122/pokemon6.fullinterview2.html

External links[edit]

Puzzlepiece32.png This species stub needs improving.