Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behavior, activities and attributes that a particular society considers appropriate for men and women.
Although gender is popularly used interchangeably with sex (male or female biology), or more recently with "sexual orientation" and "identity" (including LGBT), historically, within the social sciences, including political economy, it refers to specifically social differences,. People whose gender identity feels incongruent with their biological sex may refer to themselves "Transgender".
- For example the definition and use of the term in G. Argyrous and Frank Stilwell, "Economics as a Social Science: Readings in Political Economy, 2nd Ed., (Pluto Press: 2003), in the feminist economics section, pages 238-243 especially pages 233,234 " (
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