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The Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus, formerly Alopex lagopus), also known as the white fox, polar fox or snow fox, is a small fox species native to Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and is common throughout the Arctic tundra biome. They can survive temperatures as low as -58 degrees Fahrenheit. They have fuzzy soles, a fluffy tail, short ears and a short muzzle. Arctic foxes make their homes in burrows and during blizzards they may tunnel into snow. They can weigh from 6.5lbs (2.9kg) to 17lbs (7.7kg).
Is favored by some for its thick, white winter coat that act like an effective camouflage. Their coats will change to a brown or gray when the seasons change. Arctic foxes have body fat in the winter to keep them warm. Their diet consists of anything small or anything it can find, including seal pups, lemmings, voles, hares, seabirds, waterfowl, owls, eggs, insects, carrion, fish, etc. If prey is scarce they may forage for vegetables. The natural predators include golden eagles, Arctic wolves, polar bears, wolverines, red foxes, and grizzly bears.
Did you know?
- Arctic foxes will steal eggs from a snow goose nest.
- Some have brownish blue fur.
- Their burrows can spread to be over 500 square ft and have 100 entrances.
- They can detect a seal lair from a mile away.
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