A fanzine (or just zine) is a regularly published magazine or book that uses artwork and stories submitted by members of the fandom itself versus a set group of paid contributors. Some fanzines do provide compensation to contributors in the form of nominal payments and free copies of the final product.
The term has a long and sometimes confusing history, other fandoms having different customs, but most will agree that fan-produced content is a vital element, and then continue disputing any proposed definition. Modern desktop publishing technology has made it more difficult to distinguish a fanzine from a commercial product by its physical characteristics. A fanzine should not be confused with vanity publishing.
Many fanzines are compilations of many different creative works which may or may not be based loosely around a central theme. Others include continuing stories chronicling events in one or more shared universes.
Ratings on the content of fanzines can range from G to NC-17.