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- This is an article about the species. For topics that share the name, see Wolf (disambiguation)
In ancient Rome, wolves were considered symbols of sexual potency as well as good mothers, the latter easily noticeable in the Roman foundation myth of Romulus and Remus, where the twins were raised by a she-wolf. Native Americans revere the Wolf Totem in a different light, seeing wolves as Pathfinders and Guardians. This flies in contrast to the place of the wolf in most western history, wolves having been primarily seen as creatures to be feared, a viewpoint even noted in religious texts such as the Bible: "Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves."
Though the connotations associated with the wolf from ages past still lingers, the view of the wolf today is constantly evolving. Everything from scientific research and readily available documentaries to books and films has done much to alter the public view of these creatures, one notable such example being the film Never Cry Wolf. As the wild ancestors of domestic dogs, wolves are both familiar and exotic to humans, which might explain their continuing fascination. Wolves have almost become cliches in some types of modern historical and fantasy fiction, shown as noble, savage, or a mixture of both qualities. The Wolves of Time duology included wolf characters from nobly self-sacrificing through to unrepentantly evil. In the furry fandom, a mix of both elements is seen: admiration and distrust.
- Gray Wolf, also known as the Timber Wolf
- Dire Wolf, a type of prehistoric species of wolf and a species in fantasy role-playing games
- Ethiopian wolf, which resembles a fox and also known as the Abyssinian wolf, Abyssinian fox, red jackal, Simien fox, or Simien jackal
- Kenai Peninsula wolf
- Arabian Wolf
- Newfoundland Wolf, extinct
- Bernard's Wolf
- Steppe Wolf
- Tibetan Wolf, also known as the Woolly Wolf
- British Columbia wolf
- Vancouver Island Wolf
- Florida Black wolf
- Cascade Mountain wolf
- Gregory's wolf
- Manitoba wolf
- Hokkaidō Wolf, one of two extinct species known as the Japanese wolf.
- Honshū Wolf, one of two extinct species known as the Japanese wolf.
- Hudson Bay wolf
- Northern Rocky Mountains wolf
- Labrador wolf
- Alexander Archipelago wolf
- Mackenzie River wolf
- Baffin Island wolf
- Mogollon Mountain wolf
- Texas wolf
- Great Plains Wolf
- Mackenzie Valley Wolf, also known as the Rocky Mountain Wolf
- Indian Wolf
- Alaskan tundra wolf